Santa Claus and the way we celebrate Christmas was imported from British tradition by an American author; namely, in the work of Washington Irving. Irving’s description of Santa included in Irving’s History of New York (1809), and his description of Christmas traditions in England in The Sketchbook of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. (published serially between 1819 and 1820), have greatly influenced the way we apprehend the holiday;before Irving’s work came out, Christmas was not generally celebrated in the new United States of America.
It is interesting to contrast and compare various academic views as to how Transcendentalism began in post-colonial America, including contemporary anthologies of American literature. Early academic works such as F.O. Matthiessen’s American Renaissance (1941), Ronald V. Wells’ Three Christian Transcendentalists: James Marsh, Caleb Sprague Henry and Frederic Henry Hedge (1972), John J. Duffy’s Coleridge’s American […]